African Cichlid Aquarium

African Cichlid
African Cichlid by Pixabay

African Cichlids are the most colorful, interesting and funniest to watch of the readily available tropical (freshwater) fish. From an aquarium keepers standpoint, they are the perfect middle between a basic and simple to take care of tropical aquarium full of Goldfish or Tetras, and the more advanced Marine (saltwater) show tanks and living reef tanks.

There are two families of commonly found cichlids; African and South American Cichlids. Do Not put these separate species in the same tank.

The most common African Cichlids come from Lake Malawi and are from the Mbuna (pronounced um-boo-na) Family. These fish range from blue to yellow in color and often have a mix of these colors with black being a common secondary color either in “tiger” stripes or fin highlights. And the most common is Mbuna African Cichlids.

Mbuna Cichlid
OB Red Zebra" Mbuna Cichlid by

The most commonly African Chiclid

  • Kenyi African Cichlid (Maylandia lombardoi)
  • Electric Yellow Labidochromis (a naturally occurring variant of Labidochromis caeruleus)
  • Electric Blue Cichlid (Sciaenochromis ahli)
  • Auratus African Cichlid (Melanochromis auratus)
  • Acei Cichlid (Pseudotropheus acei)

These fish are a good starting point for your African Cichlid Aquarium, but you need to think about how much you are willing to spend on your fish. African Cichlids, even common ones, can range in price from $4.00 to $25.00 per fish and if you do not have your aquarium set up correctly to begin with, you could be wasting your money.


How to Keeping Betta Fish Easily

betta fish

Introduction To Betta Fish

Species name: Betta Splendens
Common names: Betta, Betta Splendens, Siamese fighting fish
Family: Osphronemidae (Gourami family)
Subfamily: Macropodusinae
Order: Perciformes
Class: Actinopterygii
Maximum length: 2.4 in
Minimum tank size: They can live in tanks as small as 1 gallon but will do better in larger tanks.
Hardiness: Easy
Aggressiveness: They are also known to eat smaller fish. Two male Bettas housed together will fight, often to their death.
Distribution: Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam
Diet: Its natural diet consists in zooplankton, mosquito, and other insect larvae. In the aquarium, it can be fed floating flake food, freeze dried blood worms, live black worms, frozen or live brine shrimp. Feeding Betta fish with too much frozen food has been known to cause problems. We recommend feeding Beta fish 1 or 2 pellets each time. Cloudy water and/or food accumulated on the bottom of the bowl or tank is a sign of overfeeding.

Additional information:

The Siamese fighting fish, also known as Betta fish, Betta Splendens or Betta, is one of the most popular fishes of freshwater aquarium fish. In the wild, they are found in Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam where they found in standing waters of canals, rice paddies and medium to large rivers.

The males are known for their bright colors and long fins. Some of the common colors are red, blue, black, green and yellow (bi-color and marbled varieties are also available). These colors are the result of captive breeding and do not occur in the wild.

The body of the female look similar to the body of the male but has short fins and an egg tube.

Bettas have the unique ability to breathe air from the surface through their labyrinth, which acts similarly to the lungs in mammals. For this reason, aeration by filtration is not necessary. Most Betta tank does not have a filter so it is important to do regular water changes to avoid pollution build up. Betta bowl should be clean twice a week. When cleaning the bowl, remember to change a small part of the water and to clean all left over food if any. New water should be prepared one to two days in advance.

They can live in small tanks or bowl, but most of the research indicates that Bettas will do live better if given more space. You can use Aqueon aquarium that perfect for betta fish. I recommend for this desktop aquariums tank. An 8-gallons tank was recreating their natural habitat with rocks, driftwood, and live plants would be a perfect home. They are jumpers so make sure to keep the top of your Beta Fishbowl or tank covered.

They can live in a pH range from 6.5 to 7.5 but prefers water on the soft side. Besides, Betta fish need warm temperatures from 75 to 85F. Always keep the bowl away from sources of hot and cold air such as air conditioner vents, heater vents, heaters, windows, etc. If temperatures become too low, their metabolism will slow, they will grow at a decreased rate and become more susceptible to disease. Visit this website for more information about betta fish diseases.

Do you have experience with Betta Fish? Share with us using the comment box bellow.



Feeding the Bubble Tip Anemone

Bubble Tip Anemone

Bubble Tip Anemones are carnivorous. You can feed them Silversides , Mysid Shrimps, brine shrimps, table shrimp, mussels, squid and so on. I like to feed them table shrimp because it’s cheaper. This week, I am trying to feed them ciscoes because we can catch 1000’s of them in a few hours where I live. Looks like my Anemones love the new diet so I might stick on ciscoes for a while.


It is not essential to feed anemones frozen food, and often times frozen food can be the most polluting and risky of all foods. Parasites, bacteria, and other harmful pathogens can be introduced into your tank when feeding frozen food. For that reason, freeze dried food can be a good alternative. Ash from Reef Frenzy recommended me to try to Cyclop Eeze Wafers from Argent. Those flakes are really pliable, so they are easy to mush together and feed to anemones. I’ll have to give that a try.


Smaller Anemones might prefer smaller chunk (like Mysis shrimp) while bigger Anemones will eat large pieces (2″ in length). Don’t feed them with your hands. Use tongs or any long feeding device to drop the food onto the tentacles of the Anemone. If the Anemone is hungry it will grab the food and take it to his mouth. NEVER FORCE FOOD INTO THE ANEMONE’S MOUTH!


I feed my Bubble Tip Anemones twice week unless I want them to split. In that case, I feed them more. I can’t say this is the way to make them split but it looks like it’s working for me. I also do larger water changes to make them split but more on that later.

Anemones do produce much of their own nutrition by way of photosynthesis. However, you can't rely on light. If you don't feed your Anemone, it will die.