Introduction To Betta Fish
Species name: Betta Splendens
Common names: Betta, Betta Splendens, Siamese fighting fish
Family: Osphronemidae (Gourami family)
Maximum length: 2.4 in
Minimum tank size: They can live in tanks as small as 1 gallon but will do better in larger tanks.
Aggressiveness: They are also known to eat smaller fish. Two male Bettas housed together will fight, often to their death.
Distribution: Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam
Diet: Its natural diet consists in zooplankton, mosquito, and other insect larvae. In the aquarium, it can be fed floating flake food, freeze dried blood worms, live black worms, frozen or live brine shrimp. Feeding Betta fish with too much frozen food has been known to cause problems. We recommend feeding Beta fish 1 or 2 pellets each time. Cloudy water and/or food accumulated on the bottom of the bowl or tank is a sign of overfeeding.
The Siamese fighting fish, also known as Betta fish, Betta Splendens or Betta, is one of the most popular fishes of freshwater aquarium fish. In the wild, they are found in Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam where they found in standing waters of canals, rice paddies and medium to large rivers.
The males are known for their bright colors and long fins. Some of the common colors are red, blue, black, green and yellow (bi-color and marbled varieties are also available). These colors are the result of captive breeding and do not occur in the wild.
The body of the female look similar to the body of the male but has short fins and an egg tube.
Bettas have the unique ability to breathe air from the surface through their labyrinth, which acts similarly to the lungs in mammals. For this reason, aeration by filtration is not necessary. Most Betta tank does not have a filter so it is important to do regular water changes to avoid pollution build up. Betta bowl should be clean twice a week. When cleaning the bowl, remember to change a small part of the water and to clean all left over food if any. New water should be prepared one to two days in advance.
They can live in small tanks or bowl, but most of the research indicates that Bettas will do live better if given more space. You can use Aqueon aquarium that perfect for betta fish. I recommend for this desktop aquariums tank. An 8-gallons tank was recreating their natural habitat with rocks, driftwood, and live plants would be a perfect home. They are jumpers so make sure to keep the top of your Beta Fishbowl or tank covered.
They can live in a pH range from 6.5 to 7.5 but prefers water on the soft side. Besides, Betta fish need warm temperatures from 75 to 85F. Always keep the bowl away from sources of hot and cold air such as air conditioner vents, heater vents, heaters, windows, etc. If temperatures become too low, their metabolism will slow, they will grow at a decreased rate and become more susceptible to disease. Visit this website aquariumbase.com for more information about betta fish diseases.
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